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Conservation of Biodiversity

Ex-situ conservation of rare flora and fauna

Toshiba Group is carrying out biodiversity conservation activities at 62 business and production sites worldwide. We have confirmed that more than 100 rare species inhabit these sites, where we are developing activities to protect these species.

Toward realizing a society in harmony with nature

Toshiba Group is systematically implementing measures to fulfill three requirements for a sustainable society with a view to achieving a low-carbon, sound material-cycle society that strives to be in harmony with nature. In an effort to achieve a low-carbon, sound material-cycle society, we are working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and waste generated by manufacturing processes. At the same time, we are also striving to reduce environmental impacts throughout product life cycles by providing energy-efficient products and by conserving resources when manufacturing products, as well as to develop low-carbon power generation technologies and renewable energy sources, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation.

Furthermore, to achieve a society in harmony with nature, we aim to realize a world in which humans and all other living species can enjoy healthy lives and continue to benefit from nature's bounties. In addition to mitigating climate change and reducing chemical pollution, we are also conducting group-wide environmental activities based on a recognition of the importance of maintaining and expanding environments for conserving biodiversity.

We have achieved our goal of developing biotopes at 62 company sites worldwide by 2015, which we set in the Fifth Environmental Action Plan that started in 2012. In particular, due to our efforts to protect rare species on company premises, we have achieved successful results, with more than 100 species, including endangered species, inhabiting Toshiba Group's production sites (refer to Fifth Environmental Action Plan Results).

In 2014, we also started joint activities with Dai Nippon Printing Group at 12 company sites in 6 areas across Japan. As it becomes increasingly important to mainstream biodiversity and to encourage private sector participation, going forward we will make efforts to further expand corporate collaboration (refer to Collaboration with Dai Nippon Printing Group). We aim to contribute to achieving the Aichi targets, which are global goals to be achieved for 2020, during the period from FY2017 onward (refer to Toward Achieving the Aichi Targets).

By promoting these initiatives, we hope to contribute to realizing an environmentally harmonious society.

[Image] Sustainable society

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Over 100 rare species inhabit our sites

Toshiba Group is developing biodiversity conservation activities at 62 business and production sites worldwide. First, during the two-year period from 2012 to 2013, we conducted ecosystem surveys on and around our business and production sites. We actively take measures to protect rare animal and plant species found within our sites. On the premises of the sites, Toshiba Group also promotes ex-situ conservation (Article 9 of the Convention on Biological Diversity)* in order to protect and artificially breed (inside the sites) rare flora and fauna which inhabit the surrounding areas before returning them to their original habitats.

As a result of these activities, at present more than 100 rare species inhabit Toshiba Group's business and production sites.

*
Measures taken to recover and rehabilitate threatened species and reintroduce them into their original habitats under appropriate conditions as well as measures taken to complement in-situ measures (as stipulated in Article 8 of the Convention) aiming to conserve such threatened species within their original habitats

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Significance of promoting ex-situ conservation on our site premises

Compared to parks and forests, where government organizations and NPOs promote initiatives to protect rare species, corporate production sites are better insulated from excessive picking or hunting by third parties thanks to more effective security measures; such sites also are at lower risk of feeding damage due to natural predators or invasive alien species. Therefore, corporate sites share the characteristics of strict nature preserves.

We recognize the effects of our land use on ecosystems. At the same time, as part of efforts to protect the diversity of rare species through our new ecosystem conservation initiatives, we will continue to make use of the characteristics of our business and production sites having large areas of land.

Major rare species protected by Toshiba Group*

[Image] Major rare species protected by Toshiba Group

*
Definition of rarity: A species specified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a species listed in the Red Lists of various countries and regions, or a species so designated by experts

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Japanese Luedorfia butterflyToshiba Lifestyle Products & Services Aichi Operations

At Toshiba Lifestyle Products & Services Corporation Aichi Operations, we have been conducting ecosystem surveys on-site since 2014. These surveys revealed Japanese Luedorfia butterflies on the Aichi Operations premises.

[Image] Japanese Luedorfia butterfly (adult) found on the Aichi Operations premises

[Image] Japanese Luedorfia butterfly (adult) found on the Aichi Operations premises

Japanese Luedorfia butterfly (adult) found on the Aichi Operations premises

Japanese Luedorfia butterflies inhabit Japan's mountains and forests. In recent years, however, due to the abandonment and development of mountains, their numbers have been decreasing, and they are designated as a vulnerable species in the Ministry of the Environment's RDB and in Aichi Prefecture's RDB.

They are rarely seen in flatlands or urban areas; it is especially rare for them to inhabit a company's site. Kan-aoi plants, which they feed on, grow naturally on the factory premises, where we find Japanese Luedorfia adult butterflies, along with many eggs and larvae, each year. To conserve the habitats of Japanese Luedorfia butterflies, we periodically cut down bamboo shoots and shrubs, thereby providing flying space for the butterflies and helping kan-aoi plants to grow.

[Image] Japanese Luedorfia butterfly eggs
Japanese Luedorfia butterfly eggs

[Image] Japanese Luedorfia butterfly larva
Japanese Luedorfia butterfly larva

[Image] Kan-aoi plant, which Japanese Luedorfia butterflies feed on
Kan-aoi plant, which Japanese Luedorfia butterflies feed on

[Image] Ecosystem survey
Ecosystem survey

■ Other rare species discovered on the premises of Aichi Operations

[Image] Japanese alder
Japanese alder
Designated as a near-threatened species in the Ministry of the Environment RDB

[Image] Star magnolia
Star magnolia
Designated as a near-threatened species in the Ministry of the Environment RDB
Designated as a vulnerable species in the Aichi Prefecture RDB

[Image] Clematis
Clematis
Designated as a near-threatened species in the Ministry of the Environment RDB
Endangered species (Aichi Prefecture RDB)

[Image] Shimajitamuraso plant (Salvia isensis)
Shimajitamuraso plant (Salvia isensis)
Vulnerable species (Ministry of the Environment RDB)
Near-threatened species (Aichi Prefecture RDB)

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Kinran (Cephalanthera falcata)Toshiba Corp. Yokohama Complex

Despite its location on artificially reclaimed land, many kinran (Cephalanthera falcata) orchids grow on the premises of Toshiba Corporation Yokohama Complex. Kinran orchids were first discovered here in 2008, and full-scale conservation activities began in 2013.

[Image] Kinran orchid growing on the premises of Yokohama Complex

[Image] Kinran orchid growing on the premises of Yokohama Complex

Kinran orchid growing on the premises of Yokohama Complex

Kinran orchids used to be a common sight in Japanese woods. However, due to the abandonment of forests and excessive picking of plants resulting from a wildflower boom, the number of individual plants has been decreasing. The kinran orchid is now designated as a vulnerable species in the Ministry of the Environment's Red Data Book (RDB) as well as Kanagawa Prefecture's RDB.

Many orchid species find it difficult to grow with only the nutrition they can acquire themselves; they need the help of orchid fungi to absorb nutritive salts. For this reason, when breeding orchids, it is effective to sow seeds in locations confirmed to have orchid fungi. Sowing seeds require a large number of seeds. The problem, however, is that under natural conditions, the chance of securing seeds is extremely low.

Therefore, at Yokohama Complex, staff members are working to collect seeds by artificial insemination and to conduct orchid fungus habitat surveys and germination experiments by sowing seeds with the help of experts in order to protect and propagate kinran orchids.

<Artificial insemination experiment>

[Image] Artificial insemination experiment

<Seed sowing experiment>

[Image] Seed sowing experiment

Stages before kinran orchid seed germination

[Image] Stages before kinran orchid seed germination

At Yokohama Complex, we confirmed growth up to stage 3 and verified the presence of orchid fungi.

*
Protocorm: A ball-like cell mass formed by orchid seed embryos as they grow and differentiate by using nutritive salt supplies from symbiotic fungi (orchid fungi)

<Results>

Results FY2013 FY2014
Artificial inseminationApprox. 20,000 seedsApprox. 200,000 seeds
Orchid fungi habitat survey12 spots60 spots

In the future, we will work to grow orchids from seeds in places where we have confirmed the presence of orchid fungi. It may take more than ten years for the plants to bloom, but we will continue our activities with a view to maintaining their natural habitat forever.

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Golden venus chubToshiba Corp. Himeji Operations-Semiconductor

Toshiba Corp. Himeji Operations-Semiconductor has been working to protect golden venus chubs since 2013.

[Image] Golden venus chub
Golden venus chub

[Image] Reservoir on the Himeji Operations-Semiconductor premises
Reservoir on the Himeji Operations-Semiconductor premises

Golden venus chubs are already extinct in the Ibo River system in the factory's vicinity, though some individual organisms are protected in the Himeji City Aquarium. They are designated as an endangered species in the Ministry of the Environment's RDB and are ranked A in Hyogo Prefecture's RDB (equivalent to a critically endangered or endangered species in the Ministry of the Environment's RDB).

The Himeji City Aquarium was searching for a new protected area to distribute extinction risks and released 26 golden venus chubs into a pond on the Himeji Operations-Semiconductor premises in June 2013.

[Image] Protection started on the factory premises (June 2013)
Protection started on the factory premises (June 2013)

[Image] The number of organisms increased by approximately 29 times (April 2014).
The number of organisms increased by approximately 29 times (April 2014).

A survey conducted in April 2014 confirmed that the number of golden venus chubs had increased to more than 700. In May 2014, under the guidance of the Himeji City Aquarium, we released 200 chubs into the Ibo River system, their original habitat. Subsequent monitoring surveys have confirmed their presence. We will continue to conduct monitoring surveys to restore species into the wild.

[Image] Released to their original habitat (May 2014)
Released to their original habitat (May 2014)

[Image] Chubs donated to an elementary school in the vicinity (June 2015)
Chubs donated to an elementary school in the vicinity (June 2015)

In June 2015, we donated 60 golden venus chubs to a pond in an elementary school in the vicinity. Toshiba Group's biodiversity conservation activities aim to support children's learning about the environment as well as to distribute extinction risks.

We will continue to collaborate with a wide range of stakeholders in order to expand environmental conservation sites as well as to promote local communication activities.

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Northern crested newtSpringfields Fuels Ltd. (UK)

In 2006, Springfields Fuels Ltd. in the United Kingdom obtained a Biodiversity Benchmark, which is awarded to business sites certified by the Wildlife Trusts, an international NGO, for its consideration of biodiversity. In the pond on the company's premises, two newt species have been found, one of which is the northern crested newt (designated as a European Protected Species). The company is developing a pond that is friendly to nature's creatures.

[Image] Northern crested newt
Northern crested newt

[Image] Protected in a pond on the company premises
Protected in a pond on the company premises

[Image] Pipistrelle birdhouse
Pipistrelle birdhouse

In April 2015, company staff members held a nature observation event with children in the community and confirmed the presence of 11 newts, including 9 northern crested newts, along with a variety of other animals. In previous surveys, only one or two newts had been observed. This suggests the possibility that newts are breeding in the pond. We will strive to conserve the pond environment as a habitat for facilitating animal diversity, including that of northern crested newts.

Also, birdhouses have been installed on the company premises to protect pipistrelles, a European protected species, that also inhabit the premises.

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DayliliesToshiba Lighting & Technology Corp.

In May 2012, Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corporation in Yokosuka City accepted 28 stocks of daylily, a lily-family plant that had been picked excessively in the Miura Peninsula's Koajiro forest.

[Image] Transplanting of daylilies (May 2012)

[Image] Transplanting of daylilies (May 2012)

Transplanting of daylilies (May 2012)

Subsequently, we carefully adjusted the watering frequency and fertilizer composition while continuing to monitor the plants' growth. Finally, in August 2012, two stocks came into bloom for the first time.

[Image] First daylily that bloomed (August 2012)

[Image] First daylily that bloomed (August 2012)

First daylily that bloomed (August 2012)

However, the purpose of transplanting was to increase the number of stocks, not to grow flowers. So, to provide the plants' roots with nutrients for consumption in order to bloom flowers, we nipped the flowers in the bud.
In managing the plants, we placed the highest priority on growing daylilies; thus, we also removed the lawn covering the soil surface.

In the winter of 2013, the plants were in the state shown in the photograph below. We were seriously concerned that they might have withered.

[Image] Daylilies in the winter (February 2013)

[Image] Daylilies in the winter (February 2013)

Daylilies in the winter (February 2013)

In the spring of 2013, however, they sprouted vigorously once again.
In the autumn of 2013, we confirmed that the number of stocks had increased to approximately 60.

[Image] Daylilies blooming in the second year (July 2013)

[Image] Daylilies blooming in the second year (July 2013)

Daylilies blooming in the second year (July 2013)

Finally, in May 2014, exactly two years since the first transplanting, we succeeded in increasing the number of stocks to approximately 100 and performed a return ceremony in Koajiro forest.

Successful breeding increased the original 28 stocks to approximately 100

[Image] Successful breeding increased the original 28 stocks to approximately 100

[Image] Successful breeding increased the original 28 stocks to approximately 100

After tripling the number of stocks, returning them to Koajiro forest

[Image] After tripling the number of stocks, returning them to Koajiro forest

[Image] After tripling the number of stocks, returning them to Koajiro forest

[Image] After tripling the number of stocks, returning them to Koajiro forest

[Image] After tripling the number of stocks, returning them to Koajiro forest

Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

[Image] Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

[Image] Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

[Image] Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

[Image] Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

[Image] Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

[Image] Flora and fauna in Koajiro forest

In July 2014, Daylilies which were returned to Koajiro forest came into bloom. They are successfully returning to the wild.

[Image] daylilies

[Image] daylilies

Koajiro forest was opened to the public in July 2014. Daylilies preserved by Toshiba Group are growing on Enoki Terrace. According to our experience in tending the daylilies, they come into full bloom from late July to mid-August. We hope you are able to visit Koajiro forest around that time.

In the future, we plan to share the breeding know-how obtained at Toshiba Light & Technology Corporation with other Toshiba Group production sites, thereby providing Toshiba-grown daylilies to Koajiro forest from a number of different production sites each year.

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Range of travel of plants and animals in ex-situ conservation

In order to ensure ex-situ conservation, it is necessary to pay attention to the range of travel of plants and animals. For example, it is not desirable to protect Hokkaido's endangered species at a factory in Kyushu, which has a different climate and living environment. How far, then, can endangered species be transferred?

One guideline is to keep them within a river basin. "Basin" refers to the area of land where rivers catch the rain that falls and can be considered to be a single unit of an ecosystem. Therefore, Toshiba Group has a principle of moving plants and animals within the same basin when its business and production sites do so for the purpose of ex-situ conservation.

In Japan, 109 first-class rivers and their valleys occupy about 70% of the country's land, and Toshiba Group has confirmed which valley each of its domestic businesses and production sites are located in. Also at its business and production sites outside Japan, the Group promotes ex-situ conservation as necessary while referring to maps of basins and vegetation distribution charts for each region, marshland characteristics, and other data as well as paying attention to ecosystem units.

Map of basins of first-class rivers
[Image] Map of basins of first-class rivers
Source: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

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Biodiversity conservation through local collaboration

At Toshiba Group, we are promoting biodiversity conservation activities in collaboration with local stakeholders and governments. For example, Mr. Yuji Kishi, Professor Emeritus at the Keio University in Tokyo and representative of TR Net, a non-profit organization (NPO), advises us on our initiative targeting the Tsurumi River watershed. As for ex-situ conservation of daylilies at Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corp., we collaborate with Kanagawa Prefecture, which owns the Koajiro forest. Going forward, we will continue to promote biodiversity conservation activities in collaboration with local experts and interested parties

Tsurumi River Basin Networking (TR Net;NPO)

[Image] Survey of a production site conducted by Prof. Yuji Kishi, Representative (right)
Survey of a production site conducted by Prof. Emeritus Yuji Kishi, Representative (right)

[Image] Logo of TR Net (NPO)
http://www.tr-net.gr.jp/

(Japanese site)

An NPO represented by Professor Emeritus Yuji Kishi of the Keio University Faculty of Economics. TR Net has conducted a study on the ecosystem and implemented conservation projects at the Tsurumi River watershed for more than 20 years.

[Image] Tsurumi River Basin Networking (NPO) Representative Director Professor Emeritus of Keio University Mr. Yuji Kishi
Tsurumi River Basin
Networking (NPO)
Representative Director
Professor Emeritus of
Keio University
Mr. Yuji Kishi

In other words, mainstreaming biodiversity means that all individuals and organizations confirm the crisis of and hope for biodiversity in their daily lives and business activities, find ways of contributing to conservation and reconstruction, and implement these on a daily basis. The potentials of production sites are drastically being reconsidered today from this new perspective. For example, a review of production sites in the context of vast expanses of land (ecosystems) such as nearby river systems and their basins indicates that each site is a party to the crisis and represents hope for its ecosystem because it is an important part of the ecosystem and fulfills a role unique to the area where it is located. Also, it is a focus of great expectation and hope as a new place that provides a living environment to neighboring organisms that can fly, or as a candidate for ex-situ conservation for those which are endangered in the local ecosystem and cannot fly. Furthermore, nature reserves of corporate sites are characteristically managed strictly because they are placed under rigorous security management. If we just realize this, the logical conclusion is that corporate sites can be centers of hope for the conservation and restoration of biodiversity in the ecological spaces (including river systems and their valleys, hills, etc.) where they are located.

The biodiversity crisis will be overcome through diverse ways and means when individuals and organizations figure out, in all aspects of their daily lives and business activities, and recognize this as a challenge that they should solve and take action for on their own initiative in cooperation with their local communities. I sincerely hope that Toshiba, which has brilliantly realized this simple, clear, and powerful truth and started a local and global biotope strategy, will play an active role in mainstreaming biodiversity.

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Fifth Environmental Action Plan Results

Fifth Environmental Action Plan Mediumterm Plan

Under the Fifth Environmental Action Plan for the period from 2012 to 2015, Toshiba Group aimed to achieve the goal of developing biotopes at 62 production and business sites worldwide.

In 2012, the Group set a goal of minimizing the adverse effects of its business activities on biodiversity and shifting its biodiversity policy toward initiatives for improvement to realize an ideal state of environmental management in 2015. These efforts aim to stop the decreases in the kinds of biodiversity that each site has decided to protect by 2015 and allow for such biodiversity to increase in subsequent years.

Minimizing Adverse Effects and Increasing Biodiversity (Conceptual Diagram)
[Image] Minimizing Adverse Effects and Increasing Biodiversity (Conceptual Diagram)

Development of biotopes will be promoted in three steps: biodiversity surveys, selection of metrics, and measurement of effects. Biodiversity surveys consist of investigations of living organisms and "red lists" in the environs of our sites, explorations of biodiversity by experts, and assessments of biodiversity potential at such sites and in neighboring areas.

Based on this survey data, Toshiba Group will select living organisms to serve as metrics, take measures to protect and increase them, and make periodic measurements of effects, thereby verifying the appropriateness of the biotope development process. Under the medium-term plan, the Group will take these steps at a minimum of 31 of its sites (50%) each year.

Incorporating these three steps into the medium-term plan enables implementation of PDCA cycles by individual sites as well as by the Group as a whole.

Medium-term plan

FY2012 FY2013 FY2014 FY2015
50% of sites surveyed
Percentage of sites where surveys were conducted 100%
Percentage of sites for which indicators were selected 50%
Percentage of sites for which indicators were selected 100%
Percentage of sites with measured effects 50%
Percentage of sites with measured effects 100%

*50%: 31 sites or more

[Image] Medium-term plan for the period up to 2015

Steps in biotope development

[Image] Steps in biotope development

Survey Investigate organisms living on the premises; investigate IUCN and local area Red Lists; onsite inspection by local experts; assessment of biodiversity potential for targeted and neighboring areas.
Metrics selection Select relevant metrics on the basis of investigation data; devise measures to protect and expand the selected metrics.
Measurement Measure the metrics on a periodic basis. Examples of measurement targets: Number of species of animals, number of animals within each species, number of plant roots, size of planting area.
Improvement Improvement or enhancement in metrics achieved as a result of periodic measuring.

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Fifth Environmental Action Plan Results

As a result of developing activities by taking the three steps (survey, metrics selection, and effect measurement) at individual sites, we achieved the plan goals for all fiscal years. Out of a total of 62 sites, measures were taken to protect rare species at 32 sites, and we made progress in building ecosystem networks at 42 sites. In terms of protection of rare species, Toshiba Group has been working to protect more than 100 species, including species of endangered plants (78%) and fish (38%). The major indicator species of ecosystem networks are butterflies (approx. 64%), birds (33%), and dragonflies (3%).

In FY2016, we have been carrying out activities by extending the Fifth Environmental Action Plan.

Note:
Since multiple measures were implemented at some sites, the sum of the numbers does not equal 62 (100%).

Fifth Environmental Action Plan Results

Item FY2012
Plan
(Result)
FY2013
Plan
(Result)
FY2014
Plan
(Result)
FY2015
Plan
(Result)
Percentage of sites surveyed 50%
(81%)
100%
(100%)
- -
% of sites where indicators have been selected -
(19%)
50%
(91%)
100%
(100%)
-
% of sites where effects have been measured - -
(18%)
50%
(67%)
100%
(100%)

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Development of a Biodiversity Conservation Database

[Image] Mark the status to indicate whether sites are in the stage of conducting surveys, selecting metrics, or measuring effects.
Mark the status to indicate whether sites are in the stage of conducting surveys, selecting metrics, or measuring effects.

We have created a biodiversity conservation database containing data from the 66 sites targeted by the Fifth Environmental Action Plan in order to share information among all group companies. We use the same format globally so that we can share information about progress and activities in three stages (survey, metrics selection and measurement) at individual sites.

[Image] Survey
Survey

[Image] Metrics selection
Metrics selection

[Image] Measurement
Measurement

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Development of ecological networks

Establishment of ecosystem networks centered on production sites

Land use is one human activity that has an effect on ecosystems. Residential land and location of factories disrupt wildlife corridors and effect the living environments of plants and animals. Therefore, Toshiba Group aims to establish ecosystem networks that connect production sites with their neighboring areas.

Toshiba calls for employees who cultivate fruits such as yuzu (Citrus junos) and sudachi (Citrus sudachi) in their home gardens to allow some of the larvae of the swallowtail butterflies living on their leaves to grow until they mature into adults rather than eradicating all of them. Toshiba also distributes yuzu seedlings free of charge to employees who want them. We believe that we can contribute to expanding butterflies' habitats by calling them into our employees' home gardens.

Plants (eaten by butterflies) Butterflies expected to be called in (example)
Yuzu and sudachi (citrons) Asian swallowtail, spangle, and great Mormon
Kumquat Asian swallowtail, spangle, and Chinese peacock

[Image] Citrons
Citrons

[Image] Asian swallowtail (caterpillar)
Asian swallowtail (caterpillar)

[Image] Asian swallowtail (imago)
Asian swallowtail (imago)

Additionally, the company plans to develop yuzu orchards in part of the green space at each of its production sites and make it a shelter for butterfly eggs laid in employees' home gardens and larvae that hatch from the eggs.

In the future, Toshiba aims to minimize the number of larvae eradicated at homes and establish an ecosystem network for butterflies that connects employees' homes, local forests, rivers, parks, and so forth with the company's production sites as its core.

Establishing a network for butterflies that connects employees' homes, neighboring parks, forests, rivers, and so forth with production sites as its core
[Image] Establishing a network for butterflies that connects employees' homes, neighboring parks, forests, rivers, and so forth with production sites as its core

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Case Study 1: Toshiba Carrier Corporation's Fuji Factory & Engineering Center

Developing an ecological network and practicing ex-situ conservation of rare flora and fauna in a biotope created using factory effluent

Toshiba Carrier Corporation's Fuji Factory & Engineering Center has developed a biotope in an open area on its premises. Using a solar-powered pump, wastewater is drawn from the factory into a pond inhabited by many aquatic species, including killifish, diving beetles and dragonfly larvae. In July 2013, a spot-billed duck and ducklings were seen at the pond.

[Image] View of the biotope
View of the biotope

[Image] Structural diagram of the biotope / Wastewater drawn from the factory into the pond
Structural diagram of the biotope
Wastewater drawn from the factory into the pond

Many plants have been planted around the pond, including evergreen witchhazels (endangered IB species in Shizuoka Prefecture's red data book), fringed irises (endangered IB species) and hyacinth orchids (near-threatened species).

The biotope is managed by employees of the Fuji Factory & Engineering Center with advice from Prof. Michiko Shimoda of Tokoha University's Faculty of Social and Environmental Studies. Local elementary schoolchildren participate in nature observation events held at the biotope.

Species (examples) observed at Toshiba Carrier Corporation's Fuji Factory & Engineering Center Biotope

[Image] Evergreen witchhazel
Evergreen witchhazel

[Image] Killifish
Killifish

[Image] Lesser emperor
Lesser emperor

[Image] Lesser emperor larva
Lesser emperor larva

[Image] Fringed iris
Fringed iris

[Image] Hyacinth orchid
Hyacinth orchid

[Image] Spot-billed duck and ducklings
Spot-billed duck and ducklings

Nature observation event in which elementary schoolchildren participated

[Image] Nature observation event in which elementary schoolchildren participated

[Image] Nature observation event in which elementary schoolchildren participated

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Case Study 2: Toshiba Komukai Complex

Komukai Complex aims to establish an ecosystem network that connects Keio University and Yumemigasaki Park to the west and Tama River to the north. A pond in the courtyard of the complex was transformed into a habitat for dragonflies, and now Jomon (ancient) lotuses* are grown there.

[Image] Example1 Toshiba Komukai Complex

The pond was repaired to have three levels of depth: 0.00, 10, and 65 cm. The complex aims to offer diverse pond habitats by making different levels of depth available: 0.00 cm for Jomon lotuses, 10 cm for dragonfly nymphs, and 65 cm for dragonflies.

[Image] Jomon lotus
Jomon lotus

*
The Jomon lotus sprouted from a more than 2,000-year-old seed of a lotus excavated from relics in Chiba City in 1951. It is considered to be the world's oldest flower. So far, its roots have been divided and distributed to various parts of Japan and the rest of the world, and the Jomon lotus has been designated by Chiba Prefecture as a natural monument.

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Case Study 3: Toshiba Information Equipment (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd.

Toshiba Information Equipment (Hangzhou) conducted a survey of the ecosystem in the local community where it operates. The Hangzhou Bay wetland to the east is one of the world's treasure troves of migratory birds, which travel between Siberia and Australia via East Asia. Many migratory birds can be observed even in the environs of the company's production site as they fly in from the Qiantang River and wetland parks in eastern Hangzhou.

In the future, the company will continue to step up efforts to establish an ecosystem network with its neighboring areas mainly by conserving the willow groves at its production site.

[Image] Example2 Toshiba Information Equipment (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd.

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Toward Achieving the Aichi Targets

Examining the relationship between Toshiba Group's activities and the Aichi targets

The Aichi targets were adopted at the tenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP10) held in Nagoya City in 2010. The Aichi targets define 20 goals for the international community to achieve by 2020.

To better understand these goals, we examined the relationship between Toshiba Group's business activities and the Aichi targets. As a result, we discovered that our business activities relate to 10 of the 20 individual Aichi targets (targets 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, and 19). With the aim of contributing to the achievement of these 10 targets, Toshiba Group started biodiversity conservation activities in FY2016.

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Making contribution to the Aichi targets one of the next medium-term goals

Currently, the Group is reviewing its next medium-term environmental plan for the period from FY2017 to FY2020. From March 2015 to March 2016, members of the in-house biodiversity working group had four discussion sessions. Based on these discussions, we plan to make it a medium- term goal for Toshiba Group to contribute to the Aichi targets, which are global goals for 2020. More specifically, we will set goals for each company site to contribute to the 10 Aichi targets that relate to Toshiba Group's business activities. In addition to the programs presented in the Fifth Environmental Action Plan (conducting ecosystem surveys, building ecosystem networks, and protecting rare animal and plant species), we will also play an active part in holding nature observation meetings, eliminating foreign species, and collaborating with stakeholders.

Goals for the next medium-term environmental plan (Contributing to the 10 Aichi targets)

Aichi target Toshiba Group initiative
Target (1): Raising awareness Environmental education, information disclosure, and collaboration with outside organizations
Target (2): Incorporating targets into strategies and plans Incorporation of targets into environmental policies and environmental action plans
Target (4): Sustainable production Mitigation of climate change and effective use of resources
Target (5): Reducing habitat loss Building ecosystem networks that connect natural habitats with company sites
Target (8): Reducing chemical pollution Management of chemicals
Target (9): Controlling alien species Eliminating alien species at company sites
Target (11): Conserving protected areas Activities that contribute to conserving protected areas
Target (12): Conserving endangered species Protecting rare plant and animal species, ex-situ conservation
Target (14): Ecosystem services Maintaining and improving cultural services
Target (19): Improving and spreading knowledge and technology Accumulating and disclosing ecosystem survey data and creating biodiversity conservation technologies

Also, at COP12 held in October 2014, an interim review of the Aichi targets was conducted based on the Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 (GBO-4); only three targets were evaluated as likely to be achieved in 2020. Nine out of the eleven targets in the next medium-term environmental action plan are considered unlikely to be achieved. Therefore, efforts to achieve the 2020 goals must be accelerated.

Interim assessment of the Aichi targets based on GBO-4

Expected to be achieved in 2020
(3 items)
●Target 11
  Target 16
  Target 17
In progress
(9 items)
●Target 1  ●Target 14
●Target 2
    Target 15
  Target 7  ●Target 19
●Target 9
    Target 20
  Target 13
No progress
(8 items)
  Target 3  ●Target 8
●Target 4
    Target 10
●Target 5  ●Target 12
  Target 6    Target 18
  • ●: Targets set in the next medium-term environmental action plan

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Contributions to the 10 Aichi targets

The following graph shows the numbers of sites that were engaged in activities contributing to the 10 Aichi targets as of March 2016. We believe all factories are contributing to target 4 (sustainable production) and target 8 (reducing chemical pollution) through conventional environmental conservation activities (mitigation of climate change, effective use of resources, and management of chemicals). Data on biodiversity conservation activities indicates that although many sites are working to achieve target 1 (raising awareness) and target 2 (strategies and plans), there has not been much progress with respect to target 9 (alien species) and target 11 (protected areas).

We will continue to promote biodiversity conservation activities that are focused on contributing to the Aichi targets.

Contributions to the 10 Aichi targets
[Image] Contributions to the 10 Aichi targets

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Collaboration with Dai Nippon Printing Group

Working in collaboration at 12 company sites in 6 areas across Japan

Toshiba Group and Dai Nippon Printing (DNP) Group are working together to carry out biodiversity conservation activities by making use of each other's company premises at 12 sites in 6 areas across Japan. Joint projects include the following: protecting rare species; building ecosystem networks that connect the two corporate groups' business sites; joint biological species surveys; and joint nature observation sessions. In the project to protect rare species, we are striving to maintain local species populations by protecting and breeding rare animal and plant species on company premises. In addition, we are working to return animals and plants to their original habitats to help restore them to the wild.

To build ecosystem networks, we are working to develop biological corridors that connect company sites to local parks and rivers by growing the same species of grass that butterflies eat on the premises of the two corporate groups.

For this project, we selected company sites located in the same drainage basins or the same hilly areas. A drainage basin is an area where rainwater flows into a river. Like a community forest or hill, a drainage basin constitutes an ecosystem unit. When relocating animal and plant habitats between collaborating company sites, we take care to ensure that such habitats are located within the same drainage basin or hilly area.

Image of a biological corridor that connects local communities
[Image] Image of a biological corridor that connects local communities

Collaborating at 12 company sites in 6 areas
[Image] Collaborating at 12 company sites in 6 areas

*
Toshiba Lifestyle Products & Services Corporation was acquired by China's Midea Group in July 2016. Nevertheless, the company will continue to collaborate with Dai Nippon Printing Group Nagoya Plant.

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Case Study 1: All departments participate in breeding rare species

Japan Semiconductor Corporation Headquarters & Iwate Operations

We created a flowerbed in the wetlands on the company premises to plant rare species, such as the gooseneck loosestrife and broad dwarf daylily. Also, all seven departments of the company are collaborating with the Kitakami Plant of DT Fine Electronics (DTF), a Dai Nippon Printing Group company, to collect the seeds of dwarf daylilies, primroses, and Japanese primroses that bloomed the previous year in order to grow seedlings. Meanwhile, to attract great purple emperors, Japan's national butterflies that inhabit the surrounding area, we planted a young Ezoenoki (Celtis jessoensis) tree and eight Ezoenoki saplings. Japanese circes, which are closely related to great purple emperors, have already been confirmed to have come to the trees. We look forward to seeing great purple emperors visit the garden.

[Image] All factory departments and DTF Kitakami working together to conduct a seedling germination experiment[Image] All factory departments and DTF Kitakami working together to conduct a seedling germination experiment
All factory departments and DTF Kitakami working together
to conduct a seedling germination experiment

[Image] Expanding the flowerbed (bottom left: broad dwarf daylilies)
Expanding the flowerbed
(bottom left: broad dwarf daylilies)

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Case Study 2: Conservation of hamakanzo daylilies

Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corporation
Head Office and Yokosuka Operations
DNP Technopack Yokohama Plant

At Toshiba Lighting & Technology Corporation Head Office and Yokosuka Operations in May 2012, we transplanted 28 stocks of hamakanzo daylily (of the lily family), which were on the verge of extinction in Koajiro Valley on the Miura Peninsula due to excessive picking, to breed them on the company premises. Two years later, in May 2014, we returned 100 daylily stocks to Koajiro Valley, their original habitat, thereby restoring them to the wild. In July 2015, we transplanted 30 daylily stocks from our company site to DNP Technopack's Yokohama Plant, where they were again bred successfully. In June 2016, 82 daylily stocks were returned to their original habitat.

Currently, the beautiful orange flowers of approximately 400 hamakanzo daylilies blossom in July and August each year, bringing pleasure to visitors. At the same time, excessive picking of hamakanzo daylilies that were restored to the wild is happening again. There are no effective measures to prevent excessive picking. Therefore, the two corporate groups must put more effort into conserving hamakanzo daylilies. We plan to continue to periodically provide daylily stocks.

[Image]
Hamakanzo (Hemerocallis fulva var. littorea)

[Image]
Transplanting daylilies from Toshiba Lighting & Technology to DNP Technopack (July 2015)

[Image]
Recurrence of excessive picking
(August 2015)

[Image]
Restored to the wild in the original habitat
(July 2016)

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Toward mainstreaming of biodiversity

Though biodiversity is currently being mainstreamed worldwide, people do not recognize the importance of biodiversity very well. Nevertheless, biodiversity conservation activities promoted by the two corporate groups are being implemented on the premises of company sites. These activities, which employees come into contact with daily, help to raise environmental awareness and to improve the recognition of biodiversity's importance. On factory tours, we present our activities to local residents. In addition, we explained our activities to the many visitors to the DNP Group booth at Eco Products 2015 as well as at the 25th Toshiba Group Environmental Exhibition (refer to the 25th Toshiba Group Environmental Exhibition). In the left-hand example of the hamakanzo daylily conservation project, we installed a signboard in front of a community of plants we restored to the wild in order to show how the two corporate groups have worked together in conservation, thereby advertising the project to more than 100,000 site visitors annually (estimate by the Koajiro Field Activity Coordination Council). A press release issued jointly by the two corporate groups in April 2015 also elicited positive responses from inside and outside the companies

[Image] Toshiba Group Environmental Exhibition (June 2016)
Toshiba Group Environmental Exhibition
(June 2016)

[Image] Jointly issued press release (April 2015)
Jointly issued press release (April 2015)

Initiatives developed by the two corporate groups aim to develop effective biodiversity contribution activities without spending too much energy or money. As many companies can engage in such activities, irrespective of company size, industry, and business operation, we will actively promote collaboration with other companies in the future. Protecting and breeding animal and plant species requires the provision of multiple conservation sites to reduce the risk of extinction due to heavy rain or disease. If we can develop similar activities on the premises of all companies, including those of Toshiba Group and the DNP Group, we can greatly contribute to conserving biodiversity. Toshiba Group will also contribute to mainstreaming biodiversity and to promoting private sector participation by expanding corporate collaboration.

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Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University    Ryo Kosaka

[Image] Ryo KosakaThere is no doubt that a trend toward conserving biodiversity is emerging around the world. Many countries are currently striving to achieve the Aichi biodiversity targets adopted in Japan in 2010. The 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games will mark a turning point for the Aichi targets for 2020 and 2050, when all parties, including Japan, will be evaluated for their progresses.

Biodiversity is also growing in importance in ISO Environmental Management. In the previous system, the issues related to the biodiversity was merely mentioned in appendixes. By contrast, under ISO14001, which was revised in 2015, biodiversity is mentioned as a requirement to be fulfilled on the same level as that of resources and climate change. Also, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include items related to biodiversity under the themes of terrestrial and marine ecosystems as well as of sustainable production and consumption.

Toshiba's initiatives have been highly evaluated for their bottom-up approach, which allows not only the head office but also individual factories and production sites to act on their own initiative to consider what animal and plant species must be protected and what programs must be implemented. The data presented in this report shows how initiatives are actively developed at many production sites to protect rare species, to develop biotopes, and to reduce the amount of chemicals discharged. At the same time, the data also reveals that efforts to protect against damage from invasive alien species are insufficient. The head office, individual factories and sites must periodically review what must be improved based on an overview of the activities carried out. Toshiba Group Environmental Report, which are issued periodically, provide an appropriate opportunity to reflect on Toshiba Group's environmental initiatives. Toshiba Group would be well advised to also consider setting goals for a specified period (e.g., for the next year, or for five years hence) in these reports. Toshiba Group is gathering and publishing data on the numbers of programs developed at factories around the globe within the framework of the Aichi targets. Therefore, to meet the requirements of the Aichi targets as benchmarks, the Group must clarify which targets it aims to achieve to what extent by when. In addition, environmental education must be evaluated not only in terms of whether or not it is provided to employees, but also in terms of how it enables employees to share their experiences and how it deepens their environmental knowledge.

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Biodiversity Guidelines

Toshiba Group formulated the Biodiversity Guidelines in September 2009. The Group will strive to make its initiatives for preserving biodiversity visible by analyzing its business activities and diverse environmental issues, including biodiversity, in comprehensive, quantitative terms and thus reduce environmental impacts and utilize ecosystem services in a sustainable manner.

Toshiba Group Biodiversity Guidelines

Basic policy

In order to conserve biodiversity and promote the sustainable use of biological resources that constitute biodiversity, Toshiba Group will implement the following measures:

  • Analysis of the impact of our business activities on biodiversity
  • Reduction of the impact on biodiversity and the sustainable use of resources through our business operations
  • Development of an organizational framework to promote these measures

Specific actions

  1. We will take appropriate measures to protect ecosystems when building factories or relocating facilities.
  2. We will collaborate with local public agencies and private organizations.
  3. We will continue our commitment to corporate citizenship activities as members of a sustainable society.
  4. We will assess the impact and effects of environmental measures on various aspects of the environment, including biodiversity.
  5. We will promote initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity in supply chains, including the mining of resources.
  6. We will assess the impact of substance emissions and the consumption of resources required for our business activities.
  7. We will study the structures and systems of nature and make technological contributions to society in accordance with the characteristics of our businesses.

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【TOPICS】Winning the Committee's Award at the 2014 Biodiversity Action Awards Japan

Toshiba Group's biodiversity conservation activities were awarded the Committee's Award at the 2014 Biodiversity Action Awards Japan.

The Biodiversity Action Awards Japan are sponsored by the Japan Committee for the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity (UNDB-J), with CEPA Japan serving as secretariat. The award was established in 2013 for the purpose of commending groups and individuals that are working to conserve biodiversity as well as to mainstream biodiversity in Japan and achieving the Aichi targets.

A total of 15 groups, including NPOs and schools, received Biodiversity Action Awards in 2014. Toshiba Group was the only company to earn an award.

[Image] Awards ceremony
Awards ceremony

[Image] Certificate
Certificate

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