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Environmental Management Concept “T-COMPASS”

We will further advance and expand our environmental management systems by strategically addressing new global trends in environmental management.

Toshiba Group has introduced T-COMPASS*1, a concept of environmental management, to achieve two aims. One of these aims is to enhance management focused on multiple environmental areas (multiple criteria) and product life cycles; this represents a new global trend. As we strive to help realize a sustainable society, responding properly to energy problems and climate change is our highest priority. In addition to these global environmental issues, however, there are many local agendas such as factors influencing human health, ecosystems, and resources; all these issues must be resolved comprehensively. As Toshiba Group's compass for its environmental activities, T-COMPASS defines four domains for the group's environmental contributions and represents these domains as the symbols of the four cardinal compass points. We will systematically categorize measures implemented in the past into the four T-COMPASS domains and introduce various measures to enhance our environmental management with respect to products and manufacturing. For example, we will promote resource recycling to minimize the amount of resources consumed; promote the use of renewable energy and ensure compliance with the Scope 3 Standard to respond to climate change and energy issues; go one step beyond what is required by global regulations, such as reducing PVCs, to minimize the risks posed by chemical substances; and enhance management of our sites by taking water stress into consideration to minimize the amount of water resources.

We will also expand the scope of environmental management not only to individual products but also to our supply chain and organizations. Further, we will take into consideration local differences in environmental issues and strengthen our environmental strategies for different regions.

Our second aim is to expand our environmental management network. To realize environmental management supported by the participation of all Toshiba Group employees around the world, we must share a commitment to contributing to solving all environmental issues as the world's foremost eco-company. In Toshiba Group Global Environmental Action 2014, to develop action programs in countries around the world, we selected issues appropriate for different regions from among the environmental issues addressed in T-COMPASS.

[Image] Toshiba Group environmental compass T-COMPASS

T-COMPASS: Toshiba Comprehensive environmental database and its Practical Application to Simplified and/or Streamlined LCA

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Characteristics of T-COMPASS

Characteristic: Visualizing environmental impacts by a radar chart

T-COMPASS expresses LCA-based environmental indicators using its own radar chart. Symbols of the four cardinal compass points are used to represent the four major domains all Toshiba Group companies should address. The environmental footprint standard, which combines standards for assessing carbon and water footprints that have been recognized as global trends in recent years, makes reductions in overall environmental impacts easy to understand visually. Highly relevant environmental indicators are arranged appropriately along different axes; the radar chart depicts the structure of life cycle impact assessments in a simplified way. In addition to typical environmental indicators in the four major domains, other indicators are also defined in detail (up to eight or twelve points on the compass), thus enabling more detailed eco-designs.

[Image] Characteristic: Visualizing environmental impacts by a radar chart

Characteristic: Giving thought to regional characteristics

Toshiba Group will use different environmental indicators for different regions in order to appropriately assess local environmental impacts such as air pollution, water contamination, and effects on the conservation of biodiversity. The Japanese version of the Life-cycle Impact assessment Method based on Endpoint modeling (LIME), which the Group currently uses, covers only evaluation coefficients based on data and values in Japan. Cutting-edge research and development are currently being carried out to adapt this method to various regions globally, and we will introduce new evaluation coefficients as soon as they become available.

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Toshiba Group's environmental footprints

Toshiba Group will analyze the environmental impacts of all its businesses throughout product life cycles in order to identify hot spots. By performing analysis on a trial basis while making the most of the LCA databases it has developed, the Group aims to establish a life-cycle impact assessment method based on the latest discussions about environmental footprints (see assessment results).

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【Column】Toward enhancing measures in four areas

We invited experts in the four areas of T-COMPASS to report on the global state of the art in their respective areas of specialization at the 24th Toshiba Group Environmental Exhibition (held in June 2015). We will use what we learned from these reports to develop measures within Toshiba Group in the future.

[Image] Life cycle design to further develop resource recycling systems

Natural resourceLife cycle design to further develop resource recycling systems

Sustainability Design Theory Laboratory,
Department of Precision Engineering,
Graduate School of Engineering, the University of Tokyo

Professor Yasushi Umeda

In Europe, active movements aim to develop resource-recycling systems in order to secure employment and enhance competitiveness. Research is being conducted on key topics such as “systemic eco-innovation,” “resource efficiency,” “sustainable material use,” “product and service systems,” “circular economies,” and “environmental footprints.
” Appropriate resource recycling requires that recycling systems be designed in advance and product lifecycles be properly managed. The manufacturing industry must restructure itself into a "life cycle industry." Rather than the products themselves, it is essential to visualize and analyze product life cycles, thereby creating life cycle designs that enable provision of necessary functions and services without using resources. Companies already possess a large number of elementary technologies. The key is to review how to combine these technologies in order to provide services.

[Image] Risks and opportunities of climate change

EnergyRisks and opportunities of climate change

Integrated Assessment Modeling Section,
Center for Social and Environmental Systems Research,
National Institute for Environmental Studies

Toshihiko Masui, Director

Global warming has become inevitable, and adaptation measures to minimize the impacts of global warming are now recognized as fundamental policy measures. The Japanese government has specified an emissions reduction goal for mitigation measures with a view toward achieving international consensus on a goal for 2030. Emissions reductions require changes to technologies and systems. Delays in implementing initiatives are expected to narrow the range of options for limiting the temperature increase to less than 2°C and to cause mitigation costs to increase.
When reviewing mitigation measures, visualizing environmental effects is crucial. There is a need to introduce technologies one-by-one by distinguishing between those that can be deployed immediately and those that should be evaluated for purchase from a medium- or long-term perspective. It is important not only to further develop and promote energy-saving products, but also to widely introduce such products in Asia, where greenhouse gas emissions are likely to increase rapidly in the future.

[Image] Trends in water footprints and the development of the concept of environmental footprint

WaterTrends in water footprints and the development of the concept of environmental footprint

Department of Environmental Management,
Faculty of Environmental Studies,
Tokyo City University

Professor Norihiro Itsubo

Today, how to maintain and secure water resources is a global concern; the water footprint (WF) has come to be known as a measure indicating the severity level of global water problems. In FY2014, international standards on WF was established, leading to expectations that the WF concept will be used more widely as a tool for visualizing environmental information in order to determine actions. Overseas, companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. and Coca-Cola are already using the WF concept to visualize and analyze the relationships between their business activities and water resources.
In addition, LCA's scope of application has been expanding in recent years, including attempts to calculate global environmental footprints. In particular, case studies on climate change (carbon), resource, water, and land footprints have been published. Footprint data will likely play an important role in environmental information disclosure in the future.

[Image] The leading edge of chemical risk assessment

SubstanceThe leading edge of chemical risk assessment

Emission and Exposure Analysis Group,
Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability,
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology

Kiyotaka Tsunemi, Group leader

The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM*2) aims to minimize risks related to chemical substances. In fact, hazard-based alternative selection as described in the European RoHS Directive may help reduce risks to a certain extent, but it sometimes also increases costs for the country overall. Risk-tradeoff assessment may change management methods significantly. Risks can never be entirely eliminated. However, it is crucial to consider risk tolerance levels along with measures to cope with different levels of risk.
In the future, we must develop advanced methods for assessing the total amount of risks caused by simultaneous exposure to multiple chemicals as well as to assess the tradeoffs for risks caused by substances other than chemicals. For example, when assessing the tradeoff between reducing environmental impact by replacing gasoline with hydrogen and the risks of explosion and material leakage, it will be necessary to create a comprehensive assessment system that includes social receptivity.

SAICM: Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management

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