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Chronology of History

Summary

Toshiba's early history has two strands: 1875 saw the establishment of Tanaka Seizo-sho (Tanaka Engineering Works), Japan's first manufacturer of telegraphic equipment. Its founder, Hisashige Tanaka (1799 - 1881), was well known from his youth for inventions that included mechanical dolls and a perpetual clock. Under the name Shibaura Seisaku-sho (Shibaura Engineering Works), his company became one of Japan's largest manufacturers of heavy electrical apparatus. In 1890, Hakunetsu-sha & Co., Ltd. was established as Japan's first plant for electric incandescent lamps. Subsequent diversification saw the company evolve as a manufacturer of consumer products. In 1899, the company was renamed Tokyo Denki (Tokyo Electric Co.).

In 1939, these two companies, leaders in their respective fields, merged to form an integrated electric equipment manufacturer, Tokyo Shibaura Denki (Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd.). The company was soon well known as 'Toshiba,' which became its official name in 1978.

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1875 –

1875 Hisashige Tanaka opened a telegraph equipment factory in Shimbashi, Tokyo. Kurume board of education Photo of The Founder, Hisashige Tanaka
1890 Ichisuke Fujioka and Shoichi Miyoshi established Hakunetsu-sha & Co., Ltd. in Kyobashi, Tokyo. Manufactured Japan's first electric incandescent light bulbs. Photo of Japan's first electric incandescent light bulb
1894 Produced Japan's first waterwheel power generators (60 kW).
Manufactured Japan's first electric fans.
1895 Produced Japan's first induction motors. Photo of Japan's first induction motor

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1900 –

1915 Manufactured Japan's first X-ray tubes.
1919 Produced Japan's first radio transmission tubes.
1921 Invented the "double coil electric bulb," one of the six great inventions in bulb technology.
1924 Started trial manufacture of cathode-ray tubes.
Manufactured Japan's first radio receivers.

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1925 –

1930 Manufactured Japan's first electric washing machines and refrigerators. Photo of Japan's first electric washing machine and refrigerator
1931 Released Japan's first vacuum cleaners.
1936 Completed Japan's first 150kilowatt broadcast transmitter for NHK.
1939 Tokyo Electric Company merged with Shibaura Engineering Works Co., Ltd. and established Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., Ltd.
1940 Manufactured Japan's first fluorescent lamps.
1942 Completed Japan's first radars.
1949 Completed Japan's first 1,500A-1,000kilowatt unipolar mercury rectifiers.

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1950 –

1952 Completed Japan's first TV broadcast transmitters and TV microwave relay system.
1953 Manufactured Japan's first 72,500 kVA umbrella type waterwheel generators.
1955 Released Japan's first electric rice cookers.
1957 Completed aurora radars for Antarctic observation and radars to observe scattering phenomena.
1959 Developed Japan's first transistorized televisions.
Developed Japan's first microwave ovens.
1963 Completed Japan's first 12,500kW nuclear power turbine generators. Photo of Japan's first 12,500kilowatt nuclear power turbine generators
Developed transmitters for satellite communications.
1964 Completed one of the world's largest centralized remote-control monitoring systems at electricity substations for Tokaido Shinkansen bullet trains.
1967 Completed the world's first automatic zip code reader.
1968 Developed a 100,000 gauss superconducting magnet, the most powerful in Japan.
1970 Developed the world's first color video phone.
1971 Released the world's first expanded IC color TV.
1972 Completed Japan's first 700,000kilowatt turbine generator.
Released the world's first color TV with black stripe-type cathode-ray tubes.

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1975 –

1975 Celebrated 100th anniversary.
Completed 1-million kilowatt turbine generator, the largest in Japan.
1978 Launched medium-sized experimental broadcast satellite, Yuri.
Released the first Japanese word processor. Photo of First Japanese word processor
1979 Completed world's first optical-disc based data filing systems.
1982 Developed Japan's first Magnetic Resonance Imaging systems (MRI).
1983 Commercialized the world's first OCR technology able to read Chinese characters.
1984 Completed new head office Toshiba Building.
Started operation of experimental 50kilowatt fuel cell power plant, the largest in Japan. Photo of Experimental 50kilowatt fuel cell power plant, the largest in Japan.
1985 Developed Japan's first transceiver device for HDTV systems.
Developed 1-megabit CMOS DRAM.
Developed superconducting MRI systems.
Introduced world's first laptop personal computers. Photo of world's first laptop personal computer.
1986 Developed 4-megabit dynamic RAM.
1988 Developed 16-megabit dynamic RAM.
1989 Introduced notebook personal computer, Dynabook.

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1990 –

1991 Developed the world's first 4-megabit NAND-type Electrically Erasable and Programmable Read-only Memory (EEPROM).
1992 Developed the world's first 16-megabit NAND-type EEPROM.
Developed technology to turn chlorine-based plastics into fuel oil.
1993 Produced prototype product of the world's smallest MOS transistor, with a gate length of 0.04 microns.
1994 Introduced the sub-notebook personal computer, Dynabook SS.
1995 Began commercial production of Microfilter Cathode-ray tubes, the world's first CRT with a filter incorporating the three primary colors.
Developed high-density optical disc, DVD.
DVD standardized.
1996 Introduced the mini-notebook personal computer, Libretto.
Introduced DVD video players and DVD-ROM drives.
Commercialized DVD player in Japan.
1997 Introduced pocket size mobile communicator with build-in PHS, GENIO.
1998 Manufactured flat TV, FACE.
Developed the world's first MPEG 4 graphical data compression and expansion LSI.
1999 Introduced in-house company system.
Launched the world's quietest MRI.
Spun off Air Conditioning Equipment Division to a joint venture company with Carrier, Toshiba Carrier Corporation.

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2000 –

2000 Celebrated 125th anniversary.
Manufactured BS digital TVs.
2001 Commercialized the world's first HDD & DVD video recorder.
2002 Developed the world's first networked home appliances.
Developed the world's first 65-nanometer (nm) CMOS process technology for embedded DRAM system LSIs.
2003 Introduced a 2-gigabit (Gb) single-die NAND flash memory.
Introduced to Japan a high-definition TV upgradable to receive terrestrial digital broadcasts.
Adopted the "Company with Commitees" system.
2004 Joined United Nation's Global Compact.
Introduced a 4-gigabit (Gb) single-die NAND flash memory.
Developed SED (Surface-conduction Electron-emitter Display), the next-generation flat panel display, with Canon Inc.
2005 Developed 8-gigabit NAND flash memory chip, using 70nm process technology, with SanDisk.
Announced details of Cell Broadband Engine™, co-developed with IBM, Sony Corporation, and Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.
2006 Announced the world's first HD DVD players and recorders, and AV notebook PC with HD DVD drive.
Acquired Westinghouse's nuclear power business.
2007 Developed Aquilion ONE™, 320-slice Dynamic Volume CT system that can capture complete images of the heart or brain in only one rotation. Photo of 320-slice Dynamic Volume CT system
Achieved cumulative sales of 60 million notebook PCs.
2008 Power plant monitoring and control systems inducted into Carnegie Mellon University's Software Hall of Fame.
2009 Released the CELL REGZA 55X1, the world's first LCD TV integrating the Cell Broadband Engine™.
2010 Commercialized the world's first 3D LCD TV not requiring dedicated glasses.
2011 LED lighting installed in the Louvre Museum in Paris.
2013 Commercialized world's first Medical Glasses-less 3D display.

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