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Conservation of Biodiversity

Importance of initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity

In the contemporary world, the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use is becoming increasingly important and recognized worldwide. The year 2010 marked the adoption of Aichi Targets as the global goal at the tenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP10) held in Japan. In 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were announced, which included goals for biodiversity. In 2019, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services* (IPBES) released their first global assessment which highlighted the adverse effects of human activities on the ecosystems. The assessment reported that around one million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction and that the health of ecosystems on which we and all other species depend is deteriorating more rapidly than ever. Initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity are becoming an inseparable issue when companies try to promote sustainable management.

Toshiba Group assesses each environmental process related to manufacturing as well as products and services, such as those aimed at preventing global warming, efficiently using resources and managing chemical substances, to see their impact on the environment including that on biodiversity, and specifies activity objectives with respect to the reduction of that impact. At the same time, we are contributing to creating a society in harmony with nature through the promotion of conservation activities that directly affect nature. It takes many years to restore and improve biodiversity and ecosystems. We will promote biodiversity conservation activities from a long term view and an ongoing effort based on an analysis of possible risks and opportunities to our group.

[Image] Importance of initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity

*
An intergovernmental platform covering biodiversity and ecosystem services. The so-called biodiversity version of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It has four functions, namely "assessments," "policy tools and methodologies," "capacity-building," and "knowledge generation" as the core of its activities. It assesses the relationship between humans and nature with experts in diverse fields of study, generates new knowledge, requests capabilities, and reflects them in the policy. IPBES has released a Summary for Policymakers (SPM) in the Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in May 2019.

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Contributions to the 10 Individual Aichi Targets

The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 was adopted at the tenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP10) held in Nagoya City in 2010. The plan sets a medium-to long-term vision for achieving "a society in harmony with nature" by 2050 and aims to achieve a mission and specific action targets, Aichi Targets, by 2020. Aichi Targets include five strategic goals and 20 individual targets.

Aichi Targets

[Image] Aichi Targets

Reference: Ministry of the Environment "Biodiversity"

Toshiba Group considers biodiversity conservation activities an important element of environmental management and manages them as one of the Sixth Environmental Action Plan items. We have set a goal by 2020 to contribute to 10 of the 20 individual Aichi Targets that closely relate to our business activities (targets, 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, and 19). With the aim of contributing to the achievement of these 10 targets, we now promote biodiversity conservation activities according to the characteristics of each region at 66 (42 in Japan, 24 overseas) sites worldwide.

The Sixth Environmental Action Plan (2017?2020) ?Biodiversity conservation activities?

Category of Aichi Targets Aichi Targets Toshiba Group's Activity Targets
Theme Description
Strategic Goal A Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity Target 1 Raising awareness Environmental education, information disclosure, and collaboration with outside organizations
Target 2 Incorporating targets into strategies and plans Incorporation of targets into environmental policies, Environmental Action Plans, and ISO 14001 goals and targets
Target 4 Sustainable production Mitigation of climate change and efficient use of resources
Strategic Goal B Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use Target 5 Reducing habitat loss Building ecosystem networks that connect natural habitats with Toshiba Group sites, planting trees
Target 8 Reducing chemical pollution Management of chemicals
Target 9 Eliminating alien species Elimination of alien species at company sites
Strategic Goal C Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity Target 11 Conserving protected areas Activities that contribute to preserving protected areas outside Toshiba Group sites
Target 12 Conserving endangered species Protecting rare plant and animal species, ex-situ conservation
Strategic Goal D Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services Target 14 Maintaining and managing ecosystem services Maintenance and improvement of cultural services
Strategic Goal E Boost implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building Target 19 Improving and spreading knowledge and technology Accumulating and disclosing ecosystem survey data (including habitat maps) and creating biodiversity conservation technologies

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Implementing biodiversity conservation activities at 66 sites worldwide

In FY2018, the rate of implementation of activities corresponding to the 10 Aichi Targets at all sites (overall average) was 70%. The extent of efforts for targets 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 11, and 12 was higher, while the extent of efforts for targets 9, 14, and 19 was lower. By target, the rate of implementation of target 2 (Incorporating targets into strategies and plans) was 100% as a result of complying with ISO 14001: 2015*1. The rate of implementation of target 4 (Sustainable production) and target 8 (Reducing chemical pollution) was also 100% as a result of promoting the ongoing business activities such as reducing GHG emissions, providing energy-saving products and services, effectively using resources, and managing chemical substances in manufacturing. The rate of implementation of target 1 (Raising awareness) reached 80% as a result of promoting education, nature observation meetings, workshops for employees and conveying information for stakeholders. As for target 5 (Reducing habitat loss) and target 12 (Conserving endangered species), many business and production sites continued to conduct activities under the Fifth Environmental Action Plan for 2012 to 2016, such as building ecosystem networks and protecting rare animal and plant species, and as a result of these activities, the rates for implementing target 5 and target 12 were respectively 80% and 77%. The rate of implementation of target 11 (Conserving protected areas) reached 70%*2 as a result of promoting activities to not only preserve protected areas outside Toshiba Group sites but also investigate and preserve rare species in Toshiba Group sites.

For target 9 (Eliminating alien species), target 14 (Maintaining and managing ecosystem services), and target 19 (Improving and spreading knowledge and technology) that have low implementation rates, we will identify issues and consider countermeasures toward the final year of Aichi Targets.

*1
"Protection of biodiversity and ecosystems," as well as "sustainable resource use" and "climate change mitigation and adaptation" were added to the scope of environmental conservation activities.
*2
Though activities to preserve rare species in Toshiba Group sites were not covered by target 11 in Toshiba Group Environmental Report 2018, they have been covered by the target since the report for FY2019.

Implementation results for FY2018 by target (covering All 66 sites)*4

[Image] Results from efforts for FY2017 by target (All 69 sites are targeted.)

*4 The percentage of total number of targets achieved by each site for the number of targets covering all sites (66 sites x 10 targets)

Toshiba Group Biodiversity Conservation Activity Database

Data on activities at individual sites is stored in a database for disclosure on our website. The corresponding Aichi Targets are also shown.

[Image] Toshiba Group Biodiversity Conservation Activity Database

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[Case: Aichi Target 1*5] Promoting environmental education in and outside the company

TOSHIBA CARRIER (THAILAND) CO., LTD.

As education outside the company, we visit neighboring elementary schools and give lectures on the environment. In terms of in-house education, employee awareness education not only through lectures but also experiences is given. This education includes encouraging tree-planting at their homes by distributing wooden seedlings and development of supply points for minerals (salt lick) for elephants and deer in Khao Yai national park.

Supply point for minerals (salt lick): Area where essential minerals for wild animals are artificially mixed in the ground

[Image] Tree Distributing
Tree Distributing

[Image] Mineral Supply Point Development
Mineral Supply Point Development

[Case: Aichi Target 5] Contributing to creating a city where Chinese windmills which are the 'city-butterfly' of Himeji City can be seen here and there throughout the area

NISHISHIBA ELECTRIC CO., LTD.

Himeji City sets Chinese windmills as its city-butterfly and endeavors to increase their number. We have established a biotope in our premises to conserve birthworts, which are the feed for Chinese windmills and their larvae, contributing to the building of an ecosystem network across the city. In FY2018, we have seen adult-eclosion (or moulting) of more than 250 butterflies.

[Image] Chinese windmills
Chinese windmills

[Image] Larva of Chinese windmills on a birthwort
Larva of Chinese windmills on a birthwort

[Case: Aichi Target 9] Invasive alien species countermeasures by weed control

TOSHIBA AMERICA BUSINESS SOLUTIONS, INC. TONER PRODUCTS DIVISION

We regularly investigate any noxious weed on our property, in the Pollinator Plot, and on the Lake Mitchell Walking Path. We found Canada thistle as a result of our investigative activities. It is considered a noxious plant and we constantly monitor and eliminate it.

[Image] Monitoring and eliminating alien species on the lake walking path
Monitoring and eliminating alien species on the lake walking path

[Image] Elimination activity (after flowering)
Elimination activity (after flowering)

[Image] Elimination activity (before flowering)
Elimination activity (before flowering)

[Image] Canada thistle
Canada thistle

[Case: Aichi Target 11] Conservation activities at a habitat of Linaria japonica (endangered species)

TOSHIBA LIGHTING & TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION (IMABARI COMPLEX)

We created a vegetation map of Odagahama beach in Ehime Prefecture where Linaria japonica, which is listed as Endangered Class IA by the Ministry of the Environment, is growing naturally. We made this map in a cooperative effort with fourth grade students at a local elementary school, Ehime Prefecture, an NPO, and the residents' association and donated the map we created to the school. We also promote protection and development activities for Linaria japonica, Marsilea quadrifolia, which is listed as Endangered Class II on the Red List of the Ministry, and frogbit, which is listed as Near Threatened (NT) by constructing a biotope on the premises of Imabari Complex.

[Image] Creating a vegetation map with local elementary school students
Creating a vegetation map with local elementary school students

[Image] Donating the vegetation map to the elementary school
Donating the vegetation map to the elementary school

[Case: Aichi Target 12] Protection and observation of rare animals and plants inhabiting the premises

TOSHIBA JSW POWER SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED

We conducted a survey regarding animals and plants that inhabit the premises and confirmed many plants including those of the families Combretaceae and Apocynaceae which are designated as rare plants. We share information with employees by posting the appearance of these plants and also work on their protection through regular observation.

[Image] Recording the population of animals and plants
Recording the population of animals and plants

[Image] Posting photos of plants found in the premises
Posting photos of plants found in the premises

[Case: Aichi Target 14] Forest preservation through the construction of a check dam (erosion control dam) and reforestation

TOSHIBA SEMICONDUCTOR (THAILAND) CO., LTD.

As one of nature conservation activities of the employees, we promote activities to build a check dam (erosion control dam) in the forest and reforestation. A check dam prevents landslides and sediment disaster in forests and helps secure not only forest conservation but also agricultural water. In FY2018, we planted a total of 200 young trees.
We also distributed small young trees such as Chili trees at an environmental exhibition held on our premises to improve awareness of employees on the environment.

[Image] Constructing a check dam over the stream in the forest
Constructing a check dam over the stream in the forest

[Image] Distributing small trees such as Chili trees at an in-house exhibition
Distributing small trees such as Chili trees at an in-house exhibition

*5
Each target shown for each case study is a representative Aichi Targets to which each activity corresponds, and it may also correspond to other targets.

Professor Ryo Kohsaka
Environmental Policies, Department of Social and Human Environment,
Graduate School of Environmental Studies
Nagoya University

[Image] Ryo KosakaThe year 2020 is the target year for the Aichi Targets agreed upon in 2010 whose objectives are the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use. In a sense, it is the year when governments and regions are given a report card on their performance and in which initiatives of business operators are naturally important elements. Unfortunately, as also seen in the IPBES report mentioned at the beginning of Toshiba`s report, situations are actually taking a turn for the worse in many aspects, rather than for the better, in a gradually accelerating speed.

In this sense, this report, though taken from the standpoint of initiatives of one business operator, is internationally important in terms of its disclosure timing indicating the progress of the mainstreaming of biodiversity within the private sectors.

This report has an easy to read format showing the progress of initiatives and case studies inside and outside Japan with respect to the ten goals of Aichi Targets. Especially, Toshiba's joint effort with Dai Nippon Printing Group to protect rare life, conduct biological research, and hold nature watching events is worthy of note in the sense that it exceeds the boundaries of companies and affiliates. I hope the company will make further efforts to enact multi-layered collaboration in conservation activities inside and outside Japan with the government administration and society as a whole.

Traditionally, Toshiba characteristically takes a bottom-up approach in its initiatives by giving each site as well as its head office the freedom to think about what conservation and initiatives they can implement on their own. I can see from the report that this approach is spreading throughout the company's overseas sites. I welcome this trend since developing activities for conservation of the environment and its sustainable use overseas including that of biodiversity, within the framework of Aichi Targets and sustainable development goals (SDGs) that are linked to the targets, is urgently needed today due to the rapid development of overseas businesses.

This report clarifies risks and opportunities as Toshiba`s overall activity format. While many companies have hard time making decisions when it comes to biodiversity, the report well organizes the risks and opportunites into the categories of supply chain, reputational risk, motivation and so on. I hope the company will make even further efforts to set out numerical targets regarding the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and make contributions as a member of the community and society through its business activities as a company that has direct contact with consumers and investors.

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Promoting collaboration with industry associations and other companies

Through collaboration with electrical and electronic industry associations as well as other companies, Toshiba Group is working to strengthen awareness and information disclosure regarding biodiversity protection.

Participating in biodiversity working group of the 4 Electrical and Electronic Industry Associations

For the purpose of raising awareness and promoting biodiversity conservation activities in the industry, we have been continuing to develop measures for mainstreaming biodiversity and to conduct research and discussion regarding international issues on biodiversity, including the SDGs, plastic marine debris issue, and "post-Aichi Targets," along with other member companies. "Let's Try Biodiversity?The first step in biodiversity conservation for companies?," a collection of activity examples issued by the biodiversity working group of four electric and electronic industry associations in FY2017 won the award of excellence in the Biodiversity Action Award 2018 (Communication category) hosted by Japan Committee for UNDB (UNDB-J) for its expectations for ripple effects among all companies throughout Japan. As for the Guidelines for Action by the E&E Industries concerning Biodiversity Conservation issued in FY2015, the second edition with an additional description on relevance with SDGs has been issued. Moreover, in the fourteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP14) held in Egypt in November 2018, the working group members presented the outcome of the group`s activities to the world in two side events (UNDB-DAY and Business Forum 2018).

[Image] Let's Try Biodiversity?The first step in biodiversity conservation for companies?
Let's Try Biodiversity?The first step in biodiversity conservation for companies?

[Image] Guidelines for Action by the E&E Industries concerning Biodiversity Conservation (second Edition)
"Guidelines for Action by the E&E Industries concerning Biodiversity Conservation (second Edition)"

[Image] Working group members giving a presentation at a COP14 side event (two persons in the center)
Working group members giving a presentation at a COP14 side event (two persons in the center)

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Collaboration with Dai Nippon Printing Group

Toshiba Group and Dai Nippon Printing Group have been promoting biodiversity conservation activities by using 15 sites of both groups in 6 regions in Japan. While building ecosystem networks that connect the sites of the two companies, protecting rare animal and plant species, conducting joint biological research, holding joint nature observation meetings, and carrying out joint voluntary cleaning activities, we are also aiming to increase employee awareness at both companies.

Collaboration (1) Kitakami, Iwate Prefecture
Japan Semiconductor Corporation Headquarters & Iwate Operations / Kitakami Plant, D.T.Fine Electronics Co., Ltd.
Collaboration (2) Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture
Toshiba Corporation Komukai Complex / Kawasaki Plant, D.T.Fine Electronics Co., Ltd.

[Image] Cutting away underbrush in the flower bed for rare species (Collaboration 1)
Cutting away underbrush in the flower bed for rare species
(Collaboration 1)

[Image] Biological research at Daishigawara tideland (Collaboration 2)
Biological research at Daishigawara tideland
(Collaboration 2)

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Toshiba Group Biodiversity Guidelines

Toshiba Group formulated the Biodiversity Guidelines in September 2009. The Group will strive to make its initiatives for making the preserving of biodiversity visible to all by analyzing its business activities and diverse environmental issues, including biodiversity, in comprehensive, quantitative terms and thus reduce environmental impacts and utilize ecosystem services in a sustainable manner.

Toshiba Group Biodiversity Guidelines

Basic policy

In order to conserve biodiversity and promote the sustainable use of biological resources that constitute biodiversity, Toshiba Group will implement the following measures:

  • Analysis of the impact of our business activities on biodiversity
  • Reduction of the impact on biodiversity and the sustainable use of resources through our business operations
  • Development of an organizational framework to promote these measures

Specific actions

  1. We will take appropriate measures to protect ecosystems when building factories or relocating facilities.
  2. We will collaborate with local public agencies and private organizations.
  3. We will continue our commitment to corporate citizenship activities as members of a sustainable society.
  4. We will assess the impact and effects of environmental measures on various aspects of the environment, including biodiversity.
  5. We will promote initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity in supply chains, including the mining of resources.
  6. We will assess the impact of substance emissions and the consumption of resources required for our business activities.
  7. We will study the structures and systems of nature and make technological contributions to society in accordance with the characteristics of our businesses.

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